Using Information on the Web Site
The information provided in this web site is intended to
educate the reader about certain medical conditions and certain possible
treatments. It is not a substitute for examination, diagnosis, and medical care
provided by a licensed and qualified health professional. If you believe you, or
your child, or someone you know, suffer from the conditions described herein,
please see your health care provider. Do not attempt to treat yourself, your
child, or anyone else without proper medical supervision.
Information on smoking and children
day you buy your child his first “big kid’s” bike. The
day you remove the training wheels and watch him pedal away on his own. The
day he heads to his friend’s house without asking you for a ride. These are milestones in both of your lives. So much more than a toy, a bicycle represents independence for your
bicycles are more than a toy in another sense, too: they
are associated with more childhood injuries than any consumer product except the
automobile. In 2001, 134
children ages 14 and under died in bicycle-related crashes and in 2002, more nearly
288,900 were treated in hospital emergency rooms for bicycle-related injuries.
why it’s so important to teach your kids bike safety as they enjoy their
increased independence. You can greatly
reduce your children’s risk of injury and death simply by setting some limits.
A single rule – wear a helmet – can reduce the risk of head injury by as
much as 85 percent. Explore the
links below to learn more.
Nearly half of bike-related hospitalizations are diagnosed as traumatic brain
ATV All Terrain Vehicles
As bigger and faster ATVs have been introduced over the past decade,
ATV-related deaths and injuries have increased substantially in every age group.
From 1997 to 2001, injury rates increased 23 percent for children ages 6 to 12
and 233 percent for children younger than 6.
ATVs are motorized vehicles with large, low-pressure tires. They are usually
designed to carry one rider on an uneven surface and are generally used for
recreation and farm, ranch and industrial work. Adult-sized ATVs have engines
larger than 90cc. The average adult-sized ATV has an engine between 229cc and
649cc. These vehicles weigh between 400 and 600 pounds and can travel at speeds
well above 70 miles per hour. Youth-sized ATVs come in various designs.
Manufacturers’ guidelines suggest that children under age 16 should operate
ATVs with engines smaller than 90cc and children ages 6 to 12 should operate
ATVs with engines between 70cc and 90cc.
Children under 6 should never ride ATVs.
No child under 16 should operate an adult-sized all-terrain vehicle under
any circumstances. If a child operates a youth-sized ATV, it should be
according to the manufacturer’s instructions on a machine that is an
appropriate size for the child.
To ensure safe operation, adults should supervise all children operating
Parents should consider a child's physical, mental and emotional maturity
when deciding if the child is ready to operate a youth-sized ATV.
Children should never operate ATVs on public roads or paved surfaces. ATVs
should be operated only on designated trails.
All youth-sized ATVs should employ throttle limiters and be equipped with
Personal protective equipment for ATV operators should include U.S.
Department of Transportation-approved helmet with face protection, goggles
(if the helmet does not have face protection), a long-sleeved shirt or long
pants, non-skid boots and gloves.
Never carry passengers on ATVs.
Children and their parent or guardian should enroll in and successfully
complete an approved ATV safety course.
National SAFE KIDS Campaign (NSKC). ATV Injury Fact
SheetWashington (DC): NSKC, 2004.
According to two recent publications from the
of Pediatrics, parents and schools are being cautioned more strongly than ever
on the negative effects of excessive soft drink consumption.
One 12-oz. Soda can, can have up to ten teaspoonfuls of
sugar and 150 kilocalories. Soft drinks have been associated with dental caries,
weak bones, fractures and obesity. In fact, one study even maintained t hat
drinking one can of soda per day can increase a child’s risk for obesity by 60
percent! Soft drinks interfere with calcium deposition and total body bone mass.
This latter point is important because just under half of a person’s total
bone mass is laid down during adolescence. Regular soda drinking can take this
number down by approximately five to ten percent, making fractures more likely.
Legislation is now being forwarded to push elementary and
high schools to remove vending machines that sell sodas from their cafeterias.
Parents can make a difference too! As the primary food provider in your
household, you can offer your child or teen healthy nutritional alternatives.
Real fruit and vegetable juices, water and low-fat white or flavored milk are
“Soft Drinks in Schools”, PEDIATRICS,
Vol. 113, No.1, January 2004
O’Keefe, Lori, “Policy: Students and
soft drinks not a good mix” AAP NEWS, Vol.24, No.2, February 2004